Most of us tend to think of vision problems in terms of blurriness or blindness. In reality, many different types of vision problems exist, and each problem requires different treatments. Here are some of the most common vision problems and how to address them.
Nearsightedness occurs when light entering the cornea focuses in front of the retina instead of on the retina. This happens because the distance between the front and back of the eye is too long. This results in the ability to see near objects clearly while objects in the distance may appear blurry. Myopia can be corrected with corrective lenses (glasses or contacts) or LASIK vision correction.
It makes it easy if you think of farsightedness as the opposite of nearsightedness. In the case of farsightedness, light is focused behind the retina (instead of on the retina): the distance between the front and back of the eye is too short to allow light to focus on the retina. This results in being able to see objects in the distance clearly, but close objects appear blurry. Hyperopia is also treated with corrective lenses (glasses or contacts) or LASIK vision correction.
When the eye has a football-like shape, light is not focused evenly on the retina, resulting in astigmatism. LASIK or corrective lenses treat astigmatism, although many have thought that they were not a LASIK candidate if they have astigmatism. Thanks to advances in technology, being deemed ineligible for LASIK due to astigmatism is very rare.
Presbyopia (Over-40 Vision)
Presbyopia refers to age-related changes in the ability to see things up close, which makes reading things like your phone or a book increasingly difficult over time. The lens of the eye becomes less flexible, making it difficult for the muscle surrounding the lens to expand or contract properly in order to focus on nearby objects. The most common treatment for presbyopia is reading glasses, but, more and more patients are opting for a procedure to treat presbyopia. Learn more about our Reading Vision Correction.
Often occurring in seniors, glaucoma refers to increasing pressure within the eye. As the pressure increases, vision declines. Although the glaucoma-related loss of vision is not reversible, it can be slowed with careful monitoring and intervention. Depending on the severity of the condition, your ophthalmologist will recommend a combination of treatment options including medicine (topical eye drops and/or oral medications) and operative procedures to preserve vision.
A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s natural lens as a part of the body’s normal aging process. As a cataract matures, reading and driving may become more difficult.The only way to completely treat cataracts is to undergo cataract surgery.
At Mann Eye Institute, we offer a variety of cataract procedures to fit your unique vision needs and lifestyle. The first step in this process is finding out if you have cataracts. Once we confirm diagnosis, your surgeon will work with you to customize a treatment plan that is right for you.
If you’re experiencing blurry vision in any capacity, come see us! We offer a range of treatment options customize to your unique vision to help you see your life the way you want to see it – clearly.